Sinusitis: Causes, Symptoms, Prevention, and Treatment

Sinusitis is such a common pathology that most people have had it at some time throughout their lives. A simple flu or a badly cured cold are mainly the reasons that usually trigger a picture of sinusitis.

Not giving enough importance to the symptoms that it presents can lead to chronic sinusitis over time, so it is advisable to know how to prevent and treat sinusitis.

What Is Sinusitis

The paranasal sinuses are cavities that are found in the surrounding bones and that are connected by ducts and holes to the nasal cavity. These cavities are formed by mucosa, and its main function is to help humidify and heat the air that enters through the nose. 

When the mucous membranes become inflamed as a consequence of a cold, for example, they make mucus, resulting in an increase in secretion. When the mucous membranes found in the paranasal sinuses become inflamed, the cavities become covered, clogging and inflaming, sometimes leading to the proliferation of bacteria.

Why Is Sinusitis Due To, Causes Of Sinusitis

Do we know what causes sinusitis, and what are the factors that cause it?

The most common causes of sinusitis are colds and flu, although these are not the only factors.

Many of the badly cured colds often lead to sinusitis, and I feel this, along with the flu the most common cause of sinusitis. The accumulation of mucus and the obstruction of the nostrils lead to an inflammation of the sinuses, leading to inflammation of the mucosa.

Another cause of sinusitis is an allergy, which is usually a factor that predisposes people who suffer from it to present symptoms of sinusitis. What happens in the case of rhinitis is that the mucosa of the nose becomes inflamed, and the paranasal sinuses produce mucus, which reaches through the ducts to the nostrils. When these ducts are blocked as in the case of rhinitis, then the mucus begins to accumulate, it becomes infected and ends up producing a picture of sinusitis.

There are other factors that are less often the cause of sinusitis, such as irritating factors (such as tobacco), chlorine in swimming pool water, air conditioners, sudden changes in atmospheric pressure, such as flying or driving or even have a weak immune system.

Symptoms Of Sinusitis

In general, the symptoms of sinusitis are often confused with those of a common cold or a cold, since these are usually the same: discharge, nasal congestion, headache, pressure sensation behind the eyes, cough, which usually worsens at night and in some cases fever.

The difference between sinusitis and a cold will depend on the picture presented by the patient in terms of the duration over time of the pathology. Normally those colds that last more than seven or ten days end up presenting a picture of sinusitis.

In the case of acute sinusitis, the symptoms are very similar to those of the cold, although they are usually accompanied by fever, purulent mucus, pain, and general malaise.

The Facts and Prevention of Sinusitis

Sinusitis is an infection of the perinasal cavities (sinuses) caused by bacteria. It is usually preceded by a cold, an allergy crisis, or a nasal irritation from environmental pollutants.

Normally the mucus that collects in the sinuses drains into the nostrils. When you have a cold or allergic crisis, they become inflamed and unable to drain mucus, leading to congestion and infection.

In some cases, the doctor may also request an x-ray of your perinasal cavities or take a sample of a runny nose to examine for bacteria.

Sinus Facts

Have you ever had an exceptionally severe or prolonged cold or allergy crisis? If so, there is a good chance that it was sinusitis. This number could be significantly higher since the symptoms of bacterial sinusitis often mimic those of a cold or allergy, and many patients never see a doctor for proper diagnosis and antibiotic treatment.

When acute sinusitis turns into chronic sinusitis

When you frequently suffer from sinusitis, and the infection lasts for three months or more, it could be chronic sinusitis whose symptoms may be less severe than those of acute sinusitis.

In chronic sinusitis, irreversible inflammatory changes may appear in the mucosa of the nose and perinasal sinuses, which may require surgery for repair.

Fungal allergies can also cause sinusitis. These pictures usually manifest as a predominantly chronic infection, rather than acute.

Prevention Of Sinusitis

As always, prevention is better than cure. To avoid sinusitis during a cold or allergic crisis, keep your sinuses clean:

  • Use an oral decongestant or a short treatment with a nasal decongestant spray.
  • Gently blow your nose, blocking one nostril (nostril) as you blow through the other.
  • Drink plenty of fluids to maintain a smooth nasal discharge.
  • Avoid air travel. If you must fly, use a nasal decongestant (oral or spray) before taking off to avoid sinus blockage and thus allow the mucus to drain.
  • Avoid contact with substances that cause an allergy crisis. If you can’t, use an antihistamine and / or corticosteroid nasal spray to control allergy attacks.
  • Properly studied and treated allergic rhinitis will have a significantly lower risk of leading to sinus symptoms.

If these symptoms persist despite appropriate medical treatment, care should be taken to search for an underlying cause. The role of allergy and recurrent respiratory infections should be considered.

When to go to the otolaryngologist?

Because sinus symptoms sometimes mimic manifestations of colds and allergies, you may not realize that you need to see a specialist. If you suspect you have sinusitis, check out these signs and symptoms: If you suffer from three or more of them, you should see their otolaryngologist.…

What is Life After Sinus Surgery

Ethmoidectomy, maxillary antrostomy, and septoplasty with motor-assisted turbinoplasty are different procedures, but what happens after surgery is similar.

You will have a little swelling and tenderness inside the nose after surgery, but it is normal. You may have symptoms such as a severe cold or a sinus infection. This is due to swelling, dried blood, mucus, and crusts on the nose. To help your nose and sinuses heal, your doctor may recommend nasal wash or saline spray and antibiotic lubricants.

After surgery, it is important to take good care of your nose and sinuses so that they heal properly and prevent or minimize scarring. Here are some suggestions:

  • Keep your head elevated to reduce bleeding and swelling after the operation. The first night after surgery, raise your head with more pillows or sleep in a recliner.
  • If you have plugging material and splints in your nose, make sure they stay in place. If the plug is blocked, breathe through your mouth. Do not remove the plug or splints.
  • A little bleeding is normal for 2 to 3 days after the operation. If you think the bleeding is excessive, contact your doctor.
  • Do not lift heavy objects or exert strenuous effort or exercise. This increases the possibility of nosebleeds.
  • If you have to sneeze, try to do it with your mouth open.

Depending on your surgery, you may be asked to return for a follow-up visit 3-7 days after the operation. During that visit, your doctor will remove the plug, make sure the surgery site is healing as expected, and give you more instructions on how to care for your nose and sinuses.

Daily Life

When your nose and sinuses have completely healed, you should be able to return to your normal activity level. Sinus symptoms should improve and you may get fewer sinus infections in the future. However, the surgery cannot be guaranteed to work.